North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Open Country Birds - Page 3

Field Sparrow

Field SparrowSize - 5 to 6inches long.
Habitat - Weedy bushy fields and pastures.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass and leaves concealed on the ground or above the ground about 10' in a bush or dense tree.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale green or bluish densely covered with fine spots of reddish brown. Incubation 11 to 17 days, by female. Young leave the nest 8 days after hatching. Up to 3 broods a year.
Food - Spiders, seeds, and insects.

Chipping Sparrow

chipping sparrowSize - 4 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Farms, yards, and pine woods.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass, roots, and stems, lined with hair, 1-40 feet above the ground in a bush or dense tree.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue-green, blotched with brown, lilas, and black. Incubation 11-14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 8-12 days after hatching. Up to 2 broods.
Food - Insects and seeds.

Song Sparrow

Song SparrowSize - 5 to 7 inches long.
Habitat - Thickets, roadsides, and gardens.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass and stems, on the ground early in the year, up to 30 feet above the ground later in the season.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale green, blotched with brown. Incubation 12-15 days, by female. Young leave the nest 10 days after hatching. Up to 3 broods.
Food - Insects, granin, berries, and seeds.

White-crowned Sparrow

White-crowned SparrowSize - 5 1/2 to 7 inches long.
Habitat - Lawns, gardens, woodlands, and northern spruce forests.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass, rootlets, and twigs, on the ground or up to 35 feet above the ground in a tree.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale bluish, spotted with rusty. Incubation 11 to 16 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 10 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, seeds, and grain.

House Sparrow

House SparrowSize - 5 to 6 inches long.
Habitat - Cities, suburbs, and farms.
Nesting - The nest is grass and string, in a birdhouse or hole in a tree or building.
Eggs - 3 to 7, white or bluish marked with brown. Incubation 11 - 14 days, by the female. Young leave the nest 15 to 17 days after hatching. Usually 2 broods a year.
Food - Seeds, spiders, insects, berries, and grain; bread crumbs in the city.

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Yellow-headed BlackbirdSize - 8 to 10 inches long.
Habitat - Freshwater marshes; fields and stockyards in the winter.
Nesting - The nest is a deep cup of grass and stems, woven into standing reeds 1 to 6 feet above the water.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blush, speckled and blotched with brown and reddish brown. Incubation 13 days, by the female. Young leave the nest 9 to 12 days after hatching. Usually nests in colonies.
Food - Seeds, small snails, insects, and grain.

Red-winged Blackbird (M)

Red-winged BlackbirdSize - 7 - 9 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Marshes and grasslands.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass, lashed to reeds or a small bush.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue marked with zigzag lines or brown or blackish. Incubation about 12 days, by female. Young leave the nest 10-13 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, grain, insects, and spiders.

Red-winged Blackbird (Fe)

Red-winged Blackbird (Fe)Size - 7 - 9 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Marshes and grasslands.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass, lashed to reeds or a small bush.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue marked with zigzag lines or brown or blackish. Incubation about 12 days, by female. Young leave the nest 10-13 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, grain, insects, and spiders.

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