North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Open Country Birds - Page 1

Mourning Dove

Mourning DoveSize - 10-12 inches long
Habitat - All habitats with the exception of marshes and dense forests.
Nesting - The nest is a flimsy platform of trigs and sticks, 5 to 25 feet above the ground in a tree or on a building ledge, rarely on the ground.
Eggs - 2, white. Incubation about 15 days, by both the female and male (female by day, male by night). Young leave the nest 15 days after hatching. At least 2 broods per year.
Food - Seeds and occasional insects.

Belted Kingfisher

KingfisherSize - 11 to 14 inches long
Habitat - Rivers, lakes, ponds, and marshes.
Nesting - Eggs are laid on bare soil at the end of a 3 to 7 foot long tunnel, in a steep riverbank.
Eggs - 5 to 8, white. Incubation about 24 days, by both the female and male. Young leave the nest 33-38 days after hatching.
Food - Mainly small fish and tadpoles; also salamanders, frogs, and insects.

Vermilion Flycatcher M

Vermilion FlycatcherSize - 5 to 6 inches long
Habitat - Woods and thickets alongside streams.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of stems, twigs, rootlets and grass set in the fork of a tree branch, 6-20 feet above the ground alongside a stream.
Eggs - 2 to 4, white, heavily spotted with lilac and brown. Incubation 14 days, by the female. Chicks leave the nest 14-16 days after hatching.
Food - Insects captured in flight.

Eastern Phoebe

Eastern PhoebeSize - 5 to 7 inches long
Habitat - Near riverbank and ponds.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of moss and mud pellets to a support on a sheltered ledge under a bridge or on a building.
Eggs - 3 to 8, white, occasionally spotted with brown. Incubation 14 to 17 days, by the female. Young leave the nest 15-17 days after hatching.
Food - Spiders and insects.

Pyrrhuloxia

PyrrhuloxiaSize - 7 1/2-8 inches long.
Habitat - Thorny desert brush, streamside thickets, and gardens.
Nesting - The nest is a small cup of twigs, bark, and grass, 5 to 15 feet above the ground in a mesquite or thorny shrub.
Eggs - 2 to 4, whitish or greenish spotted with brown. Incubation 14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 10 days after hatching.
Food - Fruit, seeds, and insects.

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher M

Scissor-tailed FlycatcherSize - 11 to 15 inches long.
Habitat - Open country with scattered trees.
Nesting - The nest is in a depression of leaves near a log, rock, stump, or under a dense bush.
Eggs - 4 to 6, cream colored or white, spotted with brown. Incubation 12-14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 14 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, seeds, and berries.

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Fe

Scissor-tailed FlycatcherSize - 11 to 15 inches long.
Habitat - Open country with scattered trees.
Nesting - The nest is in a depression of leaves near a log, rock, stump, or under a dense bush.
Eggs - 4 to 6, cream colored or white, spotted with brown. Incubation 12-14 days, by female. Young leave the nest 14 days after hatching.
Food - Insects, seeds, and berries.

Horned Lark M

Horned Lark MSize - 6 to 7 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Prairies, fields, dunes and airports.
Nesting - The nest is a small hollow in the ground, sheltered by a rock or tuft of grass, lined with feathers, grass and hair.
Eggs - 2 to 5, white or greenish, finely speckled with brown. Incubation about 11 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 9 to 12 days after hatching.
Food - Grain, seeds, insects and spiders.

Horned Lark FeHorned Lark Fe

Size - 6 to 7 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Prairies, fields, dunes and airports.
Nesting - The nest is a small hollow in the ground, sheltered by a rock or tuft of grass, lined with feathers, grass and hair.
Eggs - 2 to 5, white or greenish, finely speckled with brown. Incubation about 11 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 9 to 12 days after hatching.
Food - Grain, seeds, insects and spiders.

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