North American Bird Photos and Facts

Shore Birds

Killdeer

KilldeerSize - 9 - 11 inches long.
Habitat - Pastures, plowed fields, riverbanks, mud flats, and airports.
Nesting - The nest is a scape in the ground, lined with bits of grass, pebbles, and stems.
Eggs - 3 to 5, buff, spotted with brown. Incubation 24 to 28 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest soon after hatching; become independent at 25 days.
Food - Mainly insects, earthworms, and snails.

Black-necked Stilt

Black-necked StiltSize - 13 1/2-15 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Shallow ponds and lakes, mud flats, and marshes.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow depression in the ground, lined with grass and debris.
Eggs - 3 to 5, buff, spotted with dark brown or black. Incubation 22-26 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest soon after hatching; independent in 4-5 weeks. Nest in colonies.
Food - Auquatic insects and snails.

American Avocet

American AvocetSize - 17-18 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Shallow ponds, mud flats, marshes, and flooded.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow depression lined with dry grass.
Eggs - 4, olive, spotted with brown. Incubation about 22-29 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest soon after hatching; independent in 5 weeks.
Food - Aquatic insects.

Wilson's Phalarope

Wilson's PhalaropeSize - 8 1/2-9 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Marshes, coastal bays, and lakes.
Nesting - The nest is a grass lined hollow on the ground.
Eggs - 4, buff, spotted with brown and gray. Incubation 16-21 days, by male only. Leave the nest after hatching. Tended by male only.
Food - Insect larvae, shrimp, and seeds.

Marbled Godwit

Marbled GodwitSize - 16 to 20 inches long.
Habitat - Plains and prairies; tidal flat during migration and winter.
Nesting - The nest is a hollow concealed in grass.
Eggs - 4, greenish or olive, spotted with brown. Incubation 21 days. Young are independent in about 21 days.
Food - Insects, worms, crustaceans, and mullosks.

Dunlin

DunlinSize - 6 1/2-8 inches long
Habitat - Mud flats and beaches; nests on Arctic or subarctic tundra.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of grass and leaves on the ground.
Eggs - 4, greenish or buff, spotted with brown. Incubation 22 days, by both parents. Leave the nest after hatching. Independent in 18-20 days.
Food - Small marine mammals; insect larvae.

Lesser Yellowlegs

Lesser YellowlegsSize - 10-11 inches long.
Habitat - Marshes, ponds, and mud flats.
Nesting - The nest is a hollow in the ground; often far from water.
Eggs - 4, buff, spotted with dark brown. Incubation 23 days, by female.
Food - Insects and crustaceans.

Least Sandpiper

Least SandpiperSize - 5 1/2-6 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Marshes, mud flats, and beaches; nests on tundra.
Nesting - The nest is a small hollow on the ground, lined with grass and leaves.
Eggs - 4, buff, spotted with brown. Incubation 19 to 23 days, mostly by the male. Young tended by the male.
Food - Crustaceans and insects.

Semipalmated Plover

PloverSize - 6 1/2-8 inches long
Habitat - Beaches, tidal flats, lake shores; nest on tundra.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow depression lined with dry grass bits of egg shell.
Eggs - 4, buff, spotted with brown. Incubation about 23-25 days, by both sexes. Young leave the nest soon after hatching; independent in 3-4 weeks.
Food - Snails, insects, and earthworms.

Golden-plover

Golden-ploverSize - 9 - 11 inches long
Habitat - Shores and prairies; nests on tundra.
Nesting - The nest is a hollow lined with moss and leaves.
Eggs - 4, buff, marked black with brown. Incubation 27 days, by both parents. Leave the nest after hatching. Independent is unknown.
Food - Mostly insects and crustaceans.

Previous Page  -  Back to Bird Menu  -  Next Page

Site Credits    Site Map    Contact    North American Bird Photos    Bald Eagles

   American Bald Eagle Information was created as a retirement hobby to provide bald eagle and other information as well as share my photos.

   The information and photos on this web site may be used for student projects as long as neither are placed on other websites. The photographs are copyrighted by Hope Rutledge, the owner and author of the American Bald Eagle Information website, and are NOT available for other websites, photo galleries or commercial use of any kind.

© copyright Hope Rutledge - baldeagleinfo.com - 1999 - 2020 . All Rights Reserved