North American Bird Photos and Facts

Smaller Woodland Birds - Page 4

Northern Cardinal M

Northern Cardinal (male)Size - 7 1/2 - 8 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Bushy woodlands, thickets, garden shrubbery, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a deep cup of stems, fine twigs, and bark strips, 2 to 12 feet above the ground in a dense thicket and tangled vines.
Eggs - 2 to 5, buff or pale greenish, speckled with brown and lilac. Incubation about 13 days, by the female. Young leave the nest in 11 days. Up to 4 broods per season.
Food - Seeds, fruits, and insects.

Northern Cardinal Fe

Cardinal FeSize - 7 1/2 - 8 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Bushy woodlands, thickets, garden shrubbery, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a deep cup of stems, fine twigs, and bark strips, 2 to 12 feet above the ground in a dense thicket and tangled vines.
Eggs - 2 to 5, buff or pale greenish, speckled with brown and lilac. Incubation about 13 days, by the female. Young leave the nest in 11 days. Up to 4 broods per season.
Food - Seeds, fruits, and insects.

Black-capped Chickadee

ChickadeeSize - 4 1/2 - 5 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Deciduous, mixed, and coniferous forests, gardens, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a loose cup of plant fibers, moss, and feathers at bottom of tree cavity or in a birdhouse.
Eggs - 5 to 10, white with brown spots. Incubation 11 to 13 days. Leave the nest about 14-18 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, berries, and insects.

Mountain Chickadee

Mountain ChickadeeSize - 5 - 5 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Mountain and coniferous forests.
Nesting - The nest is a loose cup of moss, plant fibers, furs, and feathers at bottom of tree cavity or in a birdhouse.
Eggs - 5 to 10, white with brown spots. Incubation 14 days. Leave the nest about 20 days after hatching.
Food - Seeds, berries, and insects.

White-breasted Nuthatch

White-breasted NuthatchSize - 5 to 6 inches long
Habitat - Deciduous forests, suburban areas, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a mass of bark strips, hair, and feathers at the bottom of a tree cavity or in a birdhouse.
Eggs - 5 to 10, white, spotted with brown, red, and gray. Incubation 12 days, by both sexes.
Food - Seeds, nuts, fruits, and insects.

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Red-breasted NuthatchSize - 4 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches long.
Habitat - Coniferous forests..
Nesting - The nest is a mass of bark strips, grass and plant fibers, at the bottom of a tree cavity, 5-100' above the ground.
Eggs - 4 to 7, white, finely spotted with brown. Incubation about 12 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest 18-21 days after hatching.
Food - Conifer seed and insects.

Hermit Thrush

Hermit ThrushSize - 6 1/2 to 7 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Forests, bogs, and pine barrens.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of twigs, bark, moss, and grass, concealed on the ground or in a tree 2-5' above the ground.
Eggs - 3 to 6, pale blue, unmarked or dotted with brown. Incubation 13 days, by female. Young leave the nest 12 days after hatching.
Food - Spiders, insects, fruit, and earthworms.

Cedar Waxwing

Cedar WaxwingSize - 6 1/2 to 8 inches long.
Habitat - Open woodlands, orchards, gardens, parks, and shade trees.
Nesting - The nest is a bulky cup of twigs, stems, and grass.
Eggs - 3 to 6, pale blue or grayish dotted with black. Incubation 12 to 14 days, by female only. Young leave the nest about 18 days after hatching.
Food - Berries, flower petals, and insects.

Gray Catbird

CatbirdSize - 8 to 9 1/4 inches long.
Habitat - Woodland thickets, garden shrubbery, and parks.
Nesting - The nest is a cup of twigs, leaves, grass, and stems above the ground in dense shrubs, a tree, or tangled vines.
Eggs - 2 to 6, unmarked greenish-blue. Incubation 13 days, by female. Young leave the nest 10 to 15 days after hatching. Sometimes two brood a season.
Food - Insects, spiders, and berries.

Scarlet Tanager - Fe

scarlet tanager femaleSize - 6 1/2 to 7 1/2 inches long. Breeding male is brilliant scarlet.
Habitat - Deciduous and pine-oak woodlands, and orchards.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow cup of twigs, grass and stems built near the tip of a branch, 4 to 75' high.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue or green, spotted with brown. Incubation 14 days, by female.
Food - Insects, berries and spiders.

Scarlet Tanager (male)

Scarlet TanagerSize - 6 1/2 to 7 1/2 inches long. Breeding male is brilliant scarlet.
Habitat - Deciduous and pine-oak woodlands, and orchards.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow cup of twigs, grass and stems built near the tip of a branch, 4 to 75' high.
Eggs - 3 to 5, pale blue or green, spotted with brown. Incubation 14 days, by female.
Food - Insects, berries and spiders.

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