North American Bird Photos and Facts

Birds of Prey - Eagles and Owls

Bald Eaglebald eagle

Size - 35-40 inches long. Wingspan to 8 feet.
Habitat - Rivers, lakes, and sea coasts.
Nesting - The nest is a very large heap of sticks 10-150 feet above the ground in a tree, usually near the water.
Eggs - 1 to 3, dull white. Incubation about 35 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest in 10 weeks after hatching.
Food - Mainly fish, often stolen from osprey; also muskrats, other small mammals, water birds, and carrion.

Golden Eagle (immature)Golden Eagle

Size - 30-41 inches long. Wingspan to 7 feet.
Habitat - Rugged mountains and dry mesas.
Nesting - The nest is a very large heap of sticks in a tall tree or brush on a cliff.
Eggs - 1 to 4, white speckled and blotched with brown. Incubation about 43-45 days, by both parents. Young leave the nest 9 to 10 weeks after hatching.
Food - Mainly small mammals; also birds and larger mammals.

Great Gray OwlGreat Gray Owl

Size - 24 - 32 inches long.
Habitat - Coniferous forests in Far North; mountains in the West.
Nesting - The eggs are laid in abandoned nest of a hawk or eagle or on top of a stump.
Eggs - 3 to 5, white. Incubation 30 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 5 weeks after hatching, but depend on the parents for several weeks longer.
Food - Primarily small animals; also crows and smaller birds.

Saw-whet OwlSaw-whet Owl

Size - 7 to 9 inches long
Habitat - Dense forests and thickets.
Nesting - They nest on the bare floor of a woodpecker hole, bird house, or tree cavity.
Eggs - 4 to 7, white. Incubation 4 weeks, largely by the female. Young leave the nest 4 to 5 weeks after hatching.
Food - Rodents, birds, and insects.

Great Horned Owl (immature)Great Horned Owl

Size - 18 to 24 inches long
Habitat - Open country, deep forests, deserts, and wilder city parks.
Nesting - They nest is a in an abandoned nest of crow, eagle, or hawk; on rocky ledge or ground in treeless areas.
Eggs - 1 to 6, white. Incubation 35 days, by the female. Young leave the nest 9 to 10 weeks after hatching.
Food - Mammals, birds, reptiles, and frogs.

Barred OwlBarred Owl

Size - 16-23 inches long.
Habitat - Wooded swamps and lowland forests as well as drier upland forests.
Nesting - The nest is a tree cavity or old nest of crow, hawk, or squirrel.
Eggs - 2 to 4, white. Incubation 28 days, mostly by female. Young leave the nest 6 wks after hatching.
Food - Mostly mice; other mammals, birds, frogs, insects, crayfish, and snakes.

Barn OwlBarn Owl

Size - 13-19 inches long.
Habitat - Grasslands, marshes, deserts as well as residential and urban areas.
Nesting - The nest is a bare floor of a tree cavity, building, or cliff.
Eggs - 3 to 11, white. Incubation 32-34 days, by female. Young leave the nest 2 months after hatching.
Food - Mostly mammals; occasionally birds.

Northern Hawk OwlNorthern Hawk Owl

Size - 14 1/2 to 17 1/2 inches long
Habitat - Open coniferous and birch forests.
Nesting - They nest is a in an abandoned nest of crow or hawk or a tree cavity..
Eggs - 3 to 7, white. Incubation 21 to 28 days, largely by the female. Young leave the nest 25 to 35 days after hatching.
Food - Rodents, birds, and large insects.

Snowy Owl

Snowy OwlSize - 19 to 25 inches long.
Habitat - Open areas, dunes, and marshes; nests on Arctic tundra.
Nesting - The nest is a shallow depression in ground on tundra.
Eggs - 5 to 8, up to 11 in good lemming years. Incubation 32 days, by female only. Young leave the nest 6 to 8 weeks after hatching. Sometimes 2 broods a year.
Food - Various animals and birds; also carrion.

Short-eared OwlShort-eared Owl

Size - 12 - 16 inches long.
Habitat - Fields, plains, marshes, and dunes.
Nesting - Eggs are laid in shallow, grass and feather-lined depression in the ground.
Eggs - 4 to 9, white. Incubation 3 weeks, by female. Young leave the nest in about 6 weeks. Several pairs may nest close together.
Food - Mainly voles; also other small rodents, insects, and small birds.

Long-eared OwlLong-eared Owl

Size - 12-15 inches long.
Habitat - Dense forests.
Nesting - Old nest of a hawk, crow, magpie or squirrel.
Eggs - 3 to 10, white. Incubation 26 to 28 days, by female. Young leave about five weeks after hatching.
Food - Small rodents, screws and rabbits caught at night; occasionally birds.

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